Emergent Plants

Emergent plants grow on the shoreline and can withstand fluctuations in water level.

Find plants here that are suited for rain gardens. 

 

Justicia americana

American water-willow

Flower Color: white and purple

Bloom Time: Apr - Oct

Plant Height: 2’-3’

Water Depth: wet soil-36”

Light: full sun/part shade

Benefits: underwater structure and habitat

Sagittaria latifolia

broadleaf arrowhead

Flower Color: white and yellow

Bloom Time: June - Sept

Plant Height: 3’-5’

Water Depth: wet soil-24”

Light: full sun/part shade

Benefits: tubers provides food for ducks

Sparganium americanum

American bur-reed

Flower Color: white/green

Bloom Time: May - Aug

Plant Height: 2’-3’

Water Depth: wet soil-12”

Light: full sun/part shade

Benefits: underwater structure and habitat

Pontederia cordata

pickerelweed

Plant Height: 2'-3'

Flower Color: purple

Bloom Time: Jun - Sep

Water Depth: wet soil-36" 

Light: full sun/part shade

Benefits: ornamental, filter plant

Iris fulva

copper iris

Plant Height: 3’-4’

Flower Color: red/orange

Bloom Time: Mar - May

Water Depth: wet soil-6”

Light: full sun/part shade

Benefits: ornamental

Iris virginica

Virginia iris

Plant Height: 3’-4’

Flower Color: blue/purple

Bloom Time: May-Jun

Water Depth: wet soil-6”

Light: full sun/part shade

Benefits: ornamental

Cephalanthus occidentalis

common buttonbush 

Plant Height: generally 3'-5', can

grow up to 20'

Flower Color: white

Bloom Time: Jun - Sep

Water Depth: wet soil-12"

Light: full sun/part shade

Benefits: erosion control

Scirpus tabernaemontani

softstem bulrush

Plant Height: 4’-6’

Water Depth: wet soil-36”

Light: full sun

Benefits: buffer against wind and wave action

Juncus effusus

common rush

Plant Height: 4’-5’

Water Depth: wet soil-6”

Light: full sun

Benefits: seeds are wildlife food source

Saururus cernuus

lizard's tail

Flower Color: white

Bloom Time: May - Aug

Plant Height: 2’-4’

Water Depth: wet soil-6”

Light: full sun/part shade

Benefits: ornamental

Thalia dealbata

powdery alligator-flag

Flower Color: purple
Bloom Time: May-Oct
Plant Height: 3’-6’
Water Depth: wet soil-2’
Light: full sun/part shade
Benefits: ducks will eat seeds, showy flower

Peltandra virginica

arrow arum

Flower Color: green 
Bloom Time: Jun-Oct
Plant Height: 2’-4’
Water Depth: wet soil-6”
Light: full sun/part shade
Benefits: fruit preferred food of wood ducks, cover for water fowl and wading birds

Asclepias incarnata

swamp milkweed

Flower Color: pink-purple
Bloom Time: Jun-Oct
Plant Height: 2’-4.5’
Water Depth: wet soil-6”
Light: full sun/part shade
Benefits: attracts butterflies, host plant for Danaus plexippus and Danaus gilippus caterpillars

 

Canna flaccida

bandanna of the Everglades

Flower Color: yellow 
Bloom Time: May-Aug
Plant Height: 4’
Water Depth: wet soil-6”
Light: full sun
Benefits: erosion control, showy flower

Chasmanthium latifolium

inland sea oats

Flower Color: green
Bloom Time: Jun-Oct
Plant Height: 2’-4’
Water Depth: wet soil-6”
Light: part shade/shade
Benefits: erosion control, seeds are food for wildlife

Crinum americanum

seven sisters

Flower Color: white, blush
Bloom Time: Jun-Nov
Plant Height: 2’-3’
Water Depth: wet soil-6”
Light: full sun/part shade
Benefits: showy and fragrant flower

 

Equisetum hyemale

scouringrush horsetail

Plant Height: 3’
Water Depth: wet soil-6”
Light: full sun/part shade
Benefits: ornamental evergreen

Hibiscus lasiocarpos

rosemallow

Flower Color: white with magenta eye
Bloom Time: Apr-Sep
Plant Height: 3’-5’
Water Depth: wet soil- 6”
Light: full sun
Benefits: attracts butterflies, deer and quail eat seeds

Hymenocallis occidentalis

Northern spiderlily

Flower Color: white
Bloom Time: Mar-Sep
Plant Height: 1.5’-2.5’ 
Water Depth: wet soil-6”
Light: full sun/part shade
Benefits: showy and fragrant flower

 

Lobelia cardinalis

cardinal flower

Flower Color: red
Bloom Time: May-Oct
Plant Height: 3’-5’
Water Depth: wet soil- 6”
Light: full sun/part shade
Benefits: attracts butterflies and hummingbirds

Physostegia virginiana

obedient plant

Flower Color: pink, lavender

Bloom Time: Aug-Nov

Plant Height: 3’-4’

Water Depth: wet soil-6”

Light: Full sun/part shade

Benefits: attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, good cut flower

Sagittaria lancifolia

bulltongue arrowhead

Flower Color: white and yellow
Bloom Time: Jun - Aug
Plant Height: 1’-3’
Water Depth: wet soil-12”
Light: full sun
Benefits: tubers provides food for ducks

Tripsicum dactyloides

Eastern gamagrass

Flower Color: yellow
Bloom Time: Apr-Jun
Plant Height: 4’-6’
Water Depth:  wet soil
Light: full sun/part shade
Benefits: ground cover, host plant for Problema byssus caterpillars

© 2020 by Fish On Aquatic Plants

116 Oakwood Dr.

Aledo, Texas 76008

512.636.9607

haley.kokel@fishonaquaticplants.com